Dlouhodobé investování: jak diverzifikovat

31. leden 2016

Chcete obchodovat, ale nemáte příliš volného času? Nevadí, zaměřit se můžete na dlouhodobé investice. Jak si ale vytvořit portfolio, které bude dlouhodobě vydělávat? S tím vám dnes poradíme.




Dlouhodobé investování: jak diverzifikovatDlouhodobé investování: jak diverzifikovat

Výběr brokera: pozor na poplatky

V první řadě se informujte o poplatcích, které dáte brokerovi. U dlouhodobého investování jsou úplně jiné požadavky než u krátkodobých obchodů. Při výběru brokera pro vás nebude důležitá rychlost plnění ani počáteční poplatky, ale náklady na držení pozice přes noc, případně další poplatky spojené s držením pozic.

Diverzifikace portfolia

Vsadit vše na jeden instrument rozhodně není z dlouhodobého hlediska výhodné. Vyplatí se proto udělat koš investičních příležitostí. K dlouhodobému investování jsou vhodné akcie, kde lze snadno diverzifikovat do jednotlivých odvětví. Například lze vybrat několik zástupců z řad komodit, IT, farmacie, průmyslu a podobně. Vybírat můžete i ze společností, které patří do indexů a vytvořit si tak vlastní portfolio a nespoléhat na celý index.

Diverzifikaci lze dotáhnout ještě o krok dál. Do vašeho portfolia lze zařadit i komodity a měny. Je to možné, ale dávejte si pozor na korelaci jednotlivých instrumentů. Například cena ropy nebo zlata se udává v amerických dolarech a investice do těchto komodit a amerického dolaru postrádá smysl a v konečném důsledku nepřináší diverzifikaci, jakou si představujete. Z tohoto hlediska je výhodnější pro začátek vytvořit jen akciové portfolio a třeba jej doplnit o jeden nebo dva favority z jiné oblasti (komodit nebo měn).

Dobře postavené portfolio může přinášet zisky měsíce i roky. Pozor si dejte pouze na jeho přestavění, protože i ztrátové obchody mají v portfoliu své místo a dlouhodobě mohou portfolio i zachránit. Například pokud nyní proděláváte ve farmacii, tak není moudré tento segment prodat a vše dát do IT, kde vyděláváte, vždy myslete na diverzifikaci.

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